What Are the Laws for a Truck Driver?

September 10, 2014

If you have been involved in a wreck with a semi, you should know that certain laws require truck drivers to follow a stricter set of rules. Below are some common questions about these laws for truck drivers:

Can a Trucker Drive While Sick or Sleepy?

According to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), a truck driver is not allowed to operate a truck if his or her alertness is impaired by fatigue or sickness.

Can a Truck Driver Consume Alcohol Before a Shift?

Few people know that a truck driver is not allowed to consume or be under the influence of alcohol within four hours of going on duty. This means a trucker is breaking the law if they are consuming alcohol before getting behind the wheel.

Are There Rules on Securing a Truck’s Cargo?

Yes. FMCSA has strict rules on securing cargo. Additionally, weight distribution should keep the truck’s center of gravity in line. Securing the cargo properly is one of the most important steps to preventing a catastrophic accident.

Do All Trucks Have to be Granted Authority to Operate in the U.S.?

If an 18-wheeler travels through different states, the truck driver must obtain permission to operate in the U.S. A driver must file an application with FMCSA for approval.

Do Trucks Have to Stop at Railroad Crossings Before Crossing?

Depending on what the semi is carrying, FMCSA regulations do not allow trucks to cross a railroad without first stopping, listening and looking both ways. It should be noted that buses are required to stop at railroad crossings.  

Source: http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/sites/fmcsa.dot.gov/files/docs/ETA-Final-508c-s.pdf

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